Since the early 60 Argentario is considered one of the most coveted of elite tourism.
A soli 130 km from the intercontinental airport of Rome Fiumicino is the promontory of Argentario, an area unique in its shape as it offers miles of pristine beaches and beyond 30 miles of rugged coastline with beautiful bays coveted by yachting.
Monte Argentario, divided between the municipalities of Porto Santo Stefano and Porto Ercole, offers the visitor a unique. Originally an island, Over the centuries it was joined to the mainland by a nearby sediment process that gave rise to the first Feniglia and follow what Giannella.
Two large strips of sand and Mediterranean also preserve a lagoon, crossed the bridge with artificial dam Leopoldine that connects Orbetello. The large lagoon ecosystem of Orbetello is now home to a nature reserve managed by the WWF Italy where they nest and pass many species of rare birds including the pink flamingo, l’Airone bianco, The Osprey.
The hilly hinterland of the Argentario, was transformed with reclamation works for the cultivation of the vine (Ansonica coast of the Argentario) and olive.
Part of the territory was instead used in Roman times for the extraction of pyrite, a mineral having a silvery appearance, da cui, note, the name of Monte Argentario. The highest point of the promontory, is Punta Telegraph with its 635m. s.l.m. It’ accessible from the north west through the same road that leads to the Convent of the Presentation in the Temple and the Church of St. Joseph Novitiate and.
Porto Santo Stefano and Porto Ercole are the two villages of the municipality of Monte Argentario. Away between them 12 km, are different in history, traditions and folklore.
Puerto S.Stefano, founded more recently by fishermen emigrants, overflowing with vitality from every street corner. Perched on the slopes of Mount, overlooking a bay dominated by the imposing bulk of the Spanish Fortress. Although it was a fishing village, it was not spared by World War II bombings and then reconstructed.
On the promenade there is an excellent fish market and an unending stream of cafes and restaurants. The Marina, at the end of the seafront houses in summer beautiful sailboats and luxury yachts
Will Portia due, commercial one, with its fleet of fishing vessels on the high seas, and a tourist from where the ferries to the nearby islands of Giglio and Giannutri.
In the summer frenzy ramps and waterfront restaurants and bars, drawn in 1983 by Giugiaro, come alive.
Beginning from June until September events promoted by the municipality attract a wider audience. Among these, giugno Sailing Week, regatta involving the most prestigious vintage sails the world.
The Palio Marinaro Porto Santo Stefano, which takes place in the Bay of Turquoise, every year in August, from 1937.
The fireworks at the end of August, beautiful fireworks to greet the summer that takes place in the scenery of the harbor of Valle, with its yachts and sailboats.
Porto Ercole is a small town but with so much history behind it. La Rocca di S.Filippo, St. Catherine and Forte Stella dominate and protect from the small natural harbor. Testify to the belligerent period in which the Mount Argentario was conquered by the Spanish in the sixteenth century. Impressive fortifications that give a unique character to this small and picturesque port.
The old town is surrounded by city walls of Siena of the fifteenth century and boasts the picturesque square of Santa Barbara dominated by the Clock Tower, where it is placed a plaque in commemoration of the great painter of the '500 Michelangelo Merisi, known as Caravaggio, who died in Porto Ercole 1610.
Looking out from the terrace of the square, you can enjoy the whole view of the bay. Frequented by an elite tourism and noble, lives his quiet dimension anchored in the corner of the mountain that overlooks Cala Galera also, with its traffic of yachts and yacht. During the summer, Porto Ercole is very lively, with walks on the promenade in front of anchored boats at the docks, stores, cafes and restaurants.
The beautiful island of Giglio is an hour's ferry service from Porto Santo Stefano. The island is located directly opposite the peninsula of Monte Argentario. L 'Isola del Giglio years is recognized for the wonders of its natural environment and its crystal clear waters and emerald. The seabed rich with fish form the backdrop to a territory for 90% still wild, which invites us to venture out to the many walking trails. A show even more exciting the offer dolphins often visible near the coast and sometimes amuse themselves chasing the routes of vessels.
The beaches are larger and equipped, Campese, Cinnamon, Arenella and Caldane. The smaller beaches and beautiful coves are only accessible by hiking or by sea.
Giglio Porto lies on the eastern side of the 'island of Giglio, and is the first town you see coming from Porto Santo Stefano. It is clear from a variety of historical texts and archaeological evidence, Giglio harbor which was the first civil settlement of the 'island, dating back to the 'Roman period. At that time, a pier was built in granite along 179 hands (about 120 mt) to cover all 'intense maritime activity, The port, in fact, strategically located on one of the trade routes of the Mediterranean, maintained a high level of activity until the Middle Ages. Destroyed by time, they were removed the remains following the restoration in 1796.
Giglio Porto, was in the 'arc of history, abandoned and repopulated several times, because live near the coast in many historical periods was found to be dangerous because of frequent pirate raids. He began his road to the actual development from the middle of the XVIII AD.
Giglio Porto is now a small town very characteristic, with colorful houses and narrow in their, to form alleys and lanes, arranged parallel on all ilversante overlooking the sea, the two characteristic headlights that dominate their respective piers and the ancient tower
The medieval, fascinating to the imposing structure of its walls (XI sec), is even more striking if you follow the path along the walkways between the slits and Trioni (torrioni), or explore the narrow streets and thrown interrupted by stairs and berets (typical terraces with steps outside to homes). The distinctive main entrance, three-door leaning against a gigantic granite boulders, today testifies to the times of pirate raids and the Lords ruling, as shown in the Medici coat of arms on the last arch.
A walk around the village fortified offers, your back, breathtaking views of the islands of Giannutri, Corsica, Elbe and on a beautiful stretch of mainland coast.
In front of the promontory of Monte Argentario, is the southernmost of the islands of the Tuscan archipelago: Giannutri with its unmistakable shape of a crescent.
Certainly was already inhabited in prehistoric times (as evidenced by the numerous finds of weapons and tools) e fu frequentata da Etruschi e Romani. Still lie on the seabed of this stretch of sea some wrecks of merchant ships, witnesses of ancient maritime trade.
I romani, probably belonging to the family Domitii Enobarbi, also bequeathed the island the remains of an ancient port at the Cala Spalmatoio and a majestic villa built in Cala Maestra in the first half of the second century AD. Despite the villas sprouting between Cala Cala Maestra and the Spalmatoio (the island is privately owned), the low maquis still reigns with its colors and profumi.La limestone and exceptional
water transparency, the extraordinary biological diversity and the presence of wrecks, make these unique backdrops, elusive goal for lovers of diving.
Park of the Tuscan Archipelago
The islands of GigIio and Giannutri are part of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park, established the 22 July 1996, that with a surface that extends for 17.887 (terrestrial) and 56.766 ha (marine) is the largest protected area of European seas.
The park includes the islands of Gorgona, Capraia, Elba, Pianosa, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri. The island of Montecristo is the state natural reserve 1971.
Geologically, the islands are very different from each other. Giglio and Elba are a mixture of granite and limestone, Capraia è di origine vulcanica, Montecristo, Gorgona and granite while Giannutri Pianosa and are almost completely limestone.